Kyrie. ex. Guillaume de Machaut, La messe de Nostre Dame: Ite, missa est. The Kyrie is built around the same cantus firmus as the Kyrie from the Faenza. Guillaume de Machaut is the most important poet and composer of the to the Kyrie and Gloria, rather than on the Ordinary texts themselves. In the thirteenth century there began to appear anonymous manuscripts containing settings of the complete Ordinary (the Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Agnus.
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In the early fourteenth century, settings of Ordinary sections themselves begin to appear. In his later years, Machaut set about the task of compiling his life’s work for posterity.
By he returned to Rheims and took up a career as a canon at the cathedral.
Here, this mass kyrei candidly assessed without the knowledge-enriched air of a regular music essay, but spiced up with a thrilling element of ignorant music student pretention. Kyrie from the Messe de Nostre Dame.
Messe de Nostre Dame (Guillaume de Machaut)
But these wise musicians are also at one with the novelty and innovative impact which the mass must have made when first sung. New Evidence for an Old Debate.
Analysis Machaut’s Mass was certainly a landmark in musical history, but this Mass is far from being avant-garde merely for the sake of uniquity, it is considered to be one of the most advanced examples of choral polyphony in the history of music. The six sections included here are not related musically, so they were almost certainly brought together by the scribe or someone else associated with the compilation of the manuscript.
And if you have access to a good library you can find these additional articles — however, there are scores of others documenting the same fact:. On this CD we get a robust and highly convincing interpretation from the ever enterprising eight-person all male French group, Diabolus in Musica, under their director Antoine Guerber.
Kyrie : Music from the Earliest Notations to the Sixteenth Century
List of compositions by Guillaume de Machaut. This is very informative. The other four movements of Machaut’s mass are composed in machzut style with mass text. It is uncertain if the manuscripts collected together various settings of sections of the Mass or if they were intended to be performed as a whole.
There are currently fewer than a dozen recordings in the catalog; these do not include the one by Noah Greenberg and the New York Pro Musica, an iconic recording central to the early music revival. Yet without machzut any teeth: It holds its own with all other available recordings. Three soloists sings same music with ornamentation. Machaut composed all parts.
View all posts by f. As much gentle and yet lavish breath as unselfconscious poise. This gesture by Machaut imposed on the Ordinary a previously unconsidered abstract artistic idea, and potentially influenced composers throughout the ages to continue setting the Ordinary to stylistically coherent music.
Yet as much as an object of beauty and wonder as a rather austere — No, restrained — service.
Machaut’s Messe de Nostre Dame : an overview
TEXTURE texture is restricted to four voices that complement each other harmonically, and as earlier suggested, accentuates the harmonic structures through its neutrality. Where most movements see the use of rhythmic texturing, and a lack of rhythmic unity that complement each other quite well, the Gloria and Credo sees for the most part unified rhythm. Of particular interest is the use of lengthy melismas in the throughout the mass, particularly in the Kyrie.
There is ample evidence that instruments other than the organ were not used in sacred music during the 14th century. Listening Chart Guillaume de Machaut: Machaut was likely born in in Rheims and is believed to have studied kachaut Paris. The Galpin Society Journal Vol. My stance on this issue is changed and I have some reading to do.
Guillaume de Machaut – Messe de Nostres Dame
Polyphonic settings of sections of the Ordinary of the Mass are found in an eleventh-century manuscript known as the Winchester Troperbut these focus on tropes added to the Kyrie and Gloriarather than on the Ordinary texts themselves. Compositions by Guillaume de Machaut Medieval music Masses music. Such understatement does not detract from the polyphony in the Gloria and Credo, where the words obviously help to shape the music; but in the other movements, the lack of inflexion soon leads to a feeling of sameness that is not dispelled by some imaginative touches elsewhere.
The Musical Times, Vol. There was nothing – a repeating motive, or a similarity in compositional style – that tied the individual parts together. But when listening to this mass, if it weren’t for the juicy harmonies, it is easy to see how it may be boring, as there is little variation in dynamics during the entire duration of the mass.
Original Partbook of Machaut’s Mass. In the liturgy of the Mass, the items of the Ordinary are not performed consecutively, but are separated from one another by prayers and chants. Guillaume de Machaut and Reims: Tempos are slow in an attempt to convey spitiuality, I suppose.
The musical evidence contains nothing to contradict the available historical evidence which suggests that the Machaut Mass is purely vocal. And concerning your other point about the untexted sections in the Gloria and Credo movements, these kinds of sections were quite common and similar to phrases referred to as hocket.
This is a remarkably unified, and hence profoundly satisfying, account. Perhaps this makes more sense in a 14th century context, and within the acoustics that this mass would be sung in. Sometimes, a scribe would copy together a pair of musically-related movements usually Gloria-Credo or Sanctus-Agnusor even a complete cycle. The top voice triplum is omitted.
See Robertson, Anne Walters. If these are not instrumental interludes why do you suppose they are textless? It is from their correspondence that we begin to have record of the notion of reading music from a notated score – a novel idea in the fourteenth century.
The way each part is used to complement each other through harmonic elements is well advanced anything else of the time, or even until the 16th century. For the most part, these early Mass movements appear to have been written independently, and they survive in the manuscripts organized by text: